The Mars Science Laboratory mission's Curiosity rover, the most technologically advanced rover ever built, landed in Mars' Gale Crater the evening of August 5, 2012 PDT (morning of August 6 EDT) using a series of complicated landing maneuvers never before attempted. The specialized landing sequence, which employed a giant parachute, a jet-controlled descent vehicle and a bungee-like apparatus called a "sky crane," was devised because tested landing techniques used during previous rover missions could not safely accommodate the much larger and heavier rover.
Curiosity's mission is to determine whether the Red Planet ever was, or is, habitable to microbial life. The rover, which is about the size of a MINI Cooper, is equipped with 17 cameras and a robotic arm containing a suite of specialized laboratory-like tools and instruments.
- Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM)
- Chemistry and Camera (ChemCam)
- Alpha Particle X-ray Spectrometer (APXS)
- Chemistry and Mineralogy (CheMin)
- Dynamic Albedo of Neutrons (DAN)
- Mars Descent Imager (MARDI)
- Mars Hand Lens Imager (MAHLI)
- Mast Camera (Mastcam)
- Radiation Assessment Detector (RAD)
- Rover Environmental Monitoring Station (REMS)