St Austell Deposits, Cornwall
The British porcelain industry began with the discovery of china clay (kaolinite) at Tregonning Hill, Cornwall, in 1745. By the early 19th century, the St Austell deposits were the largest in the world. By 1910, Cornwall was producing fifty percent of the world's china clay. Today, the St Austell deposits have largely been abandoned in favor of other deposits, mainly in Brazil. The image was acquired September 10, 2014, covers an area of 15.7 by 20.3 km, and is located at 50.4 degrees north, 4.9 degrees west.
With its 14 spectral bands from the visible to the thermal infrared wavelength region and its high spatial resolution of about 50 to 300 feet (15 to 90 meters), ASTER images Earth to map and monitor the changing surface of our planet. ASTER is one of five Earth-observing instruments launched Dec. 18, 1999, on Terra. The instrument was built by Japan's Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry. A joint U.S./Japan science team is responsible for validation and calibration of the instrument and data products.
The broad spectral coverage and high spectral resolution of ASTER provides scientists in numerous disciplines with critical information for surface mapping and monitoring of dynamic conditions and temporal change. Example applications are monitoring glacial advances and retreats; monitoring potentially active volcanoes; identifying crop stress; determining cloud morphology and physical properties; wetlands evaluation; thermal pollution monitoring; coral reef degradation; surface temperature mapping of soils and geology; and measuring surface heat balance.
The U.S. science team is located at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, Calif. The Terra mission is part of NASA's Science Mission Directorate, Washington.
More information about ASTER is available at http://asterweb.jpl.nasa.gov/.