Mariner 1

Mariner Spacecraft Mariner Spacecraft

An artist's concept of the Mariner 1 and 2 spacecraft series. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
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Mission Summary

The first attempt by the United States to send a spacecraft to Venus, Mariner 1 was destroyed by the range safety officer about 290 seconds after launch when it veered off course.

The spacecraft was to fly by Venus and transmit scientific data, a goal that was soon after accomplished by the Mariner 2 spacecraft, which successfully ventured to the planet and measured its solar wind.

Scientific Instrument(s)

- Microwave radiometer
- Infrared radiometer
- Three-axis fluxgate magnetometer
- Cosmic ray ionization
- Cosmic dust detector
- Electrostatic analyzer


Type: Flyby
 
Status: Past
 
Launch Date: July 22, 1962
(09:21 UTC)
 
Launch Location: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
 
Mission End Date: July 22, 1962
 
Target: Venus
 
Destination: Venus
 
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