Smart spacesuits and solar surfing may sound like the stuff of science fiction, but they are just two of the technology concepts NASA has selected for further research as part of the NASA Innovative Advanced Concepts (NIAC) program. The program will fund 18 studies to determine the feasibility of early-stage technologies that could go on to change what's possible in space.
The funded technologies have the potential to transform human and robotic exploration of other worlds, including the Moon and Mars. One researcher, for example, will study an affordable way to mine the ample ice at the Moon's polar regions. NASA aims to send astronauts to land on the Moon's South Pole in five years.
Two studies were chosen from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California, including a Venus lander charged by a floating power generator, and a fleet of small satellites that could explore the edges of the solar system and beyond.
"Our NIAC program nurtures visionary ideas that could transform future NASA missions by investing in revolutionary technologies," said Jim Reuter, acting associate administrator of NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate. "We look to America's innovators to help us push the boundaries of space exploration with new technology."
The latest NIAC selections include Phase I and Phase II awards. The selected Phase I studies cover a wide range of innovations. Each Phase I award is valued at approximately $125,000, helping researchers define and analyze their proposed concepts over nine months. If the initial feasibility studies are successful, awardees can apply for Phase II awards.
The new Phase I selections are:
Beaming for Long Life Venus Surface Missions:
New approach to support a Venus surface mission with power beaming
Erik Brandon, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), Pasadena, California
SmallSats to Explore to Our Solar System's Boundaries:
A design for a low-cost, small
satellite heliophysics mission to the outer solar system
Robert Staehle, JPL
Ray for Extreme Environments and Zonal Exploration (BREEZE): Combines
inflatable structures with bio-inspired kinematics to explore and study the atmosphere
Javid Bayandor, State University of New York, Buffalo
An intelligent spacesuit design
with soft-robotics, self-healing skin and data collection for extravehicular
activity in extreme environments that allows for greater mobility for
Ana Diaz Artiles, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station, College Station
Use Exoplanet Telescope (DUET): A novel telescope design to find and
characterize planetary systems outside the solar system
Tom Ditto, 3DeWitt LLC, Ancramdale, New York
Propelled and Powered by Planetary Atmospheric Electricity (MP4AE):
Similar to the ballooning
capabilities of spiders, these floating microprobes use electrostatic lift to
study planetary atmospheres
Yu Gu, West Virginia University, Morgantown
Enabled ATEG Reactor (SPEAR) Probe: An ultra-lightweight nuclear electric
propulsion probe for deep space exploration, designed to keep mass and volume
low for commercial launch
Troy Howe, Howe Industries LLC, Tempe, Arizona
Innovative Power System (RIPS): An investigation of a drag using ripcord unspooling power system for
descent probes into planets with atmospheres, such as Saturn
Noam Izenberg, Johns Hopkins University, Laurel, Maryland
for Interstellar Fly-by: Power harvesting from ultra-miniature probes
to enable interstellar missions
Geoffrey Landis, NASA's Glenn Research Center, Cleveland
Propellant Mining Outpost (LPMO): Affordable lunar pole ice mining for
Joel Serce, TransAstra Corporation, Lake View Terrace, California
High Apogee Refueling Orbital Navigator (CHARON): Novel system for small
space debris mitigation
John Slough, MSNW LLC, Redmond, Washington
Mining of Ices on Cold Solar System Bodies:
Proposes using a unique heat
application on frozen volatiles and other materials for resource extraction
George Sowers, Colorado School of Mines, Golden
Phase II studies allow researchers to further develop concepts, refine designs and start considering how the new technology would be implemented. This year's Phase II selections address a range of cutting-edge concepts from flexible telescopes to new heat-withstanding materials. Awards under Phase II can be worth as much as $500,000 for two-year studies.
The 2019 Phase II selections are:
Multiple Object Spectrographic Telescope (THE MOST):
A new, flexible optical
telescope design that can be a deployed in a cylindrical roll and installed
upon delivery, on a 3D printed structure
Tom Ditto, 3DeWitt LLC, Ancramdale, New York
Array Synthesis (R-MXAS): A geostationary synthetic aperture
imaging radiometer with a rotating tethered antenna
John Kendra, Leidos, Inc., Reston, Virginia
Beamed Propulsion for Breakthrough Interstellar Missions:
An effort to advance self-guided
beamed propulsion technology
Chris Limbach, Texas A&M Engineering Experiment Station, College Station
and Technical Lab Studies of a Solar Neutrino Spacecraft Detector:
A small-scale neutrino detector
study to advance detector technology for future probe missions
Nickolas Solomey, Wichita State University, Kansas
LightSails: A study to design and advance passive
and electro-optically active diffractive films for missions in low-Earth orbit,
inner solar orbits and to distant stars
Grover Swartzlander, Rochester Institute of Technology, New York
Surfing: A materials-science study to determine
the best protective materials to enable heliophysics missions closer to the Sun
Doug Willard, NASA's Kennedy Space Center, Cape Canaveral, Florida
NASA selected Phase I and II proposals through a peer-review process that evaluates innovativeness and technical viability. All projects are still in the early stages of development, most requiring a decade or more of concept maturation and technology development.
For the first time this summer, the NIAC program will select one Phase III research study. The award will be up to $2 million for as long as two years. This final phase is designed to strategically transition a NIAC concept with the highest potential impact to NASA, other government agencies or commercial companies.
"NIAC is about going to the edge of science fiction, but not over," said Jason Derleth, NIAC program executive. "We are supporting high impact technology concepts that could change how we explore within the solar system and beyond."
NIAC partners with forward-thinking scientists, engineers and citizen inventors from across the nation to help maintain America's leadership in aeronautics and space research. NIAC is funded by NASA's Space Technology Mission Directorate, which is responsible for developing the cross-cutting, pioneering new technologies and capabilities needed by the agency to achieve its current and future missions.
For more information about NASA's investments in space technology, visit:https://www.nasa.gov/spacetech
News Media ContactClare Skelly
NASA Headquarters, Washington
Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, Calif.