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The 90s
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the 90s
The End of an Era
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Goldin's interpretation of the 1999 failures was that JPL had found the 'floor' below which costs could not be driven without too much risk. He relented on costs, appointed a new Mars program manager, and JPL began an effort to codify design principles and testing standards for all future missions. Several missions started prior to 2000 continued as 'faster-better-cheaper' projects (Stardust, for example), and were very successful. But projects initiated after 2000 were held to stricter standards, and costs rose accordingly. Faster-better-cheaper was over.
  Daniel Goldin

Daniel Goldin, NASA Administrator from 1992 to 2001.
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