The layered bedrock in this image was brought from several kilometers of depth during the formation of this 44 kilometer wide crater in the volcanic plains of Lunae Planum as seen by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
Impact craters form when an asteroid, meteoroid, or comet crashes into a planet's surface, causing an explosion. This impact crater is a little less than 3 kilometers in diameter as seen by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
Well-Preserved Impact Ejecta and Impact Melt-Rich Deposits in Terra Sabaea
This image of a well-preserved unnamed elliptical crater in Terra Sabaea, captured by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, shows the complexity of ejecta deposits forming as a by-product of the impact process that shapes much of the surface of Mars.
The western Utopia Planitia in the Northern mid-latitudes of Mars is marked by a peculiar type of depression with scalloped edges and by a network of polygonal fractures as seen by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
This composite image of Earth and its moon, as seen from Mars, combines the best Earth image with the best moon image from four sets of images acquired on Nov. 20, 2016, by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Mars was about 127 million miles from Earth.
Large impact craters have central hills or mountains, because the tremendous shock waves from the impact first compresses the ground, then causes a rebound when it becomes uncompressed. This image is from NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter.
This crater on Mars, observed by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, was named after Dr. Gerald A. Soffen (February 7, 1926 - November 22, 2000), and this image covers a small portion of the crater floor.
This terrain, as seen by NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, looks like lumpy sediment on top of patterned ground. The lumpy sediment is likely just loosely consolidated because it is covered with spidery channels.
This image of a southern mid-latitude crater was intended to investigate the lineated material on the crater floor. NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter reveals a landscape peppered by small impact craters.
Curiosity's Rock or Soil Sampling Sites on Mars, Through November 2016
This graphic maps locations of the sites where NASA's Curiosity collected its first 19 rock or soil samples for analysis by laboratory instruments inside the vehicle. It also presents images of the drilled holes where 15 rock-powder samples were acquired.
This map shows the route driven by NASA's Curiosity Mars rover (blue line) and locations where the rover's ChemCam instrument detected the element boron (dots, colored by abundance of boron according to the key at right).