This somewhat cloudy image from NASA's Mars Odyssey spacecraft shows a stunning example of layered deposits in Terby crater, just north of the Hellas impact basin.
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Layered Deposits in Terby Crater

This somewhat cloudy THEMIS visible image shows a stunning example of layered deposits in Terby crater, just north of the Hellas impact basin. Some researchers argue that layered terrain in craters were deposited by water. However, in some places, layered deposits will extend for up to a kilometer above the crater rim, leading others to conclude that they must be volcanic airfall deposits.

Note: this THEMIS visual image has not been radiometrically nor geometrically calibrated for this preliminary release. An empirical correction has been performed to remove instrumental effects. A linear shift has been applied in the cross-track and down-track direction to approximate spacecraft and planetary motion. Fully calibrated and geometrically projected images will be released through the Planetary Data System in accordance with Project policies at a later time.

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory manages the 2001 Mars Odyssey mission for NASA's Office of Space Science, Washington, D.C. The Thermal Emission Imaging System (THEMIS) was developed by Arizona State University, Tempe, in collaboration with Raytheon Santa Barbara Remote Sensing. The THEMIS investigation is led by Dr. Philip Christensen at Arizona State University. Lockheed Martin Astronautics, Denver, is the prime contractor for the Odyssey project, and developed and built the orbiter. Mission operations are conducted jointly from Lockheed Martin and from JPL, a division of the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena.

Image information: VIS instrument. Latitude -27.3, Longitude 74.3 East (285.7 West). 19 meter/pixel resolution.

Image details


Date added:


2001 Mars Odyssey

2001 Mars Odyssey

Thermal Emission Imaging System



Full-Res TIFF:
PIA04407.tif (3.68 MB)

Full-Res JPG:
PIA04407.jpg (0.91 MB)

Image credit:
NASA/JPL/Arizona State University