Fire season in Manitoba, Canada lasts from April until October, and numerous smoke plumes caused by lightning strikes are captured in these Multi-angle Imaging SpectroRadiometer (MISR) views of the northwestern part of the province. The data were acquired on June 20, 2001 during Terra orbit 8015.
On the left is a true-color image acquired by MISR's vertical-viewing (nadir) camera. The area covered measures 232 kilometers X 80 kilometers. The greenish area on the right-hand side of the image, partially obscured by clouds, is Southern Indian Lake. This landscape is predominantly boreal, and contains deciduous and evergreen conifer forests, deciduous broadleaved forests, fens, and lakes. Tree species found within the area include white and black spruce, jack pine, tamarack, willow, and birch. Human population density is sparse, averaging about 1 person per 10 square kilometers.
During the fire season, information is updated daily on the Manitoba Conservation website (http://www.gov.mb.ca/natres/fire/). The large plume northwest of Big Sand Lake, above image center, was reported to be under control on June 20, whereas the plume at lower left, to the west of Gold Sand Lake, was classified "out of control." In the next two days, an additional 27 out-of-control fires in the area were started by lightning strikes arriving with as low-moving northerly cold front. By June 29, all but six of the fires had been brought under control.
The picture on the right is a height field derived using automated computer processing of the data from several of MISR's cameras. The results indicate that the smoke plumes reach altitudes a few kilometers above the surface terrain, nearly as high as the cumulus cloud field in the lower right quadrant. The height retrievals make use of geometric parallax associated with observing the features at multiple angles. A few artifacts are visible in this early version of the MISR stereoscopic product, e.g., linear discontinuities in the elevation field, isolated elevation "spikes" (appearing as red), and black areas where no result was obtained. Nevertheless, this first version of the algorithm, which is designed to operate autonomously and rapidly without human intervention, is doing a good job at detecting the smoke plumes and cloud field. Improvements are anticipated in the future. The product was generated as part of operational processing at the NASA Langley Atmospheric Sciences Data Center.
MISR was built and is managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, for NASA's Office of Earth Science, Washington, DC. The Terra satellite is managed by NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD. JPL is a division of the California Institute of Technology.