This image of the vicinity of the Viking Lander 1 was captured by NASA's Mars Global Surveyor's MOC camera. site. 3D glasses are necessary to identify surface detail.
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Mars Orbiter Camera Acquires High Resolution Stereoscopic Images of the Viking One Landing Site

Two MOC images of the vicinity of the Viking Lander 1 (MOC 23503 and 25403), acquired separately on 12 April 1998 at 08:32 PDT and 21 April 1998 at 13:54 PDT (respectively), are combined here in a stereoscopic anaglyph. The more recent, slightly better quality image is in the red channel, while the earlier image is shown in the blue and green channels. Only the overlap portion of the images is included in the composite.

Image 23503 was taken at a viewing angle of 31.6° from vertical; 25403 was taken at an angle of 22.4°, for a difference of 9.4°. Although this is not as large a difference as is typically used in stereo mapping, it is sufficient to provide some indication of relief, at least in locations of high relief.

The image shows the raised rims and deep interiors of the larger impact craters in the area (the largest crater is about 650 m/2100 feet across). It shows that the relief on the ridges is very subtle, and that, in general, the Viking landing site is very flat. This result is, of course, expected: the VL-1 site was chosen specifically because it was likely to have low to very low slopes that represented potential hazards to the spacecraft.

Malin Space Science Systems and the California Institute of Technology built the MOC using spare hardware from the Mars Observer mission. MSSS operates the camera from its facilities in San Diego, CA. The Jet Propulsion Laboratory's Mars Surveyor Operations Project operates the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft with its industrial partner, Lockheed Martin Astronautics, from facilities in Pasadena, CA and Denver, CO.

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Image details

ID#:
PIA01443

Date added:
1998-07-03

Target:
Mars

Mission:
Mars Global Surveyor (MGS)

Spacecraft:
Mars Global Surveyor Orbiter

Instruments:
Mars Orbiter Camera

Rating:



Views:
3,150

Full-Res TIFF:
PIA01443.tif (1.42 MB)

Full-Res JPG:
PIA01443.jpg (0.08 MB)

Image credit:
NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems