Many of the impact craters of Venus revealed by NASA's Magellan spacecraft have characteristics unlike craters on any other planetary body. This crater, named Adivar, is located just north of the western Aphrodite highland.
Add image to your album
Email this page Post this page to your Facebook wall Tweet this page

Venus - Adivar Crater

Many of the impact craters of Venus revealed by Magellan have characteristics unlike craters on any other planetary body. This 30-kilometer (18.6-mile) diameter crater, named Adivar crater for the Turkish educator and author Halide Adivar (1883-1964), is located just north of the western Aphrodite highland (9 degrees north latitude, 76 degrees east longitude). Surrounding the crater rim is ejected material which appears bright in the radar image due to the presence of rough fractured rock. A much broader area has also been affected by the impact, particularly to the west of the crater. Radar-bright materials, including a jet-like streak just west of the crater, extend for over 500 kilometers (310 miles) across the surrounding plains. A darker streak, in a horseshoe or paraboloidal shape, surrounds the bright area. Radar-dark (i.e., smooth) paraboloidal streaks were observed around craters in earlier Magellan images, but this is a rare bright crater streak. These unusual streaks, seen only on Venus, are believed to result from the interaction of crater materials (the meteoroid, ejecta, or both) and high-speed winds in the upper atmosphere. The precise mechanism that produces the streaks is poorly understood, but it is clear that the dense atmosphere of Venus plays an important role in the cratering process.

Image details

ID#:
PIA00083

Date added:
1996-02-07

Target:
Venus

Mission:
Magellan

Spacecraft:
Magellan

Instruments:
Radar System

Rating:



Views:
4,141

Full-Res TIFF:
PIA00083.tif (10.02 MB)

Full-Res JPG:
PIA00083.jpg (3.1 MB)

Image credit:
NASA/JPL