Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter

Mission Summary

The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter, or MRO, has studied the Red Planet's atmosphere and terrain from orbit since 2006 and also serves as a key data relay station for other Mars missions, including the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity.

Equipped with a powerful camera called HiRISE that has aided in a number of discoveries, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has sent back thousands of stunning images of the Martian surface that are helping scientists learn more about Mars, including the history of water flows on or near the planet's surface.

Scientific Instrument(s)

- High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE)
- Compact Reconnaissance Imaging Spectrometer for Mars (CRISM)
- Mars Color Imager (MARCI)
- Context Imager (CTX)
- Shallow Radar (SHARAD)
- Mars Climate Sounder (MCS)
- Accelerometers


Acronym: MRO
 
Type: Orbiter
 
Status: Current
 
Launch Date: August 12, 2005
7:43 a.m. EDT (11:43 UTC)
 
Launch Location: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
 
Target: Mars
 
Destination: Mars
 
Current Location: Orbit type:
Near-polar orbit
Altitude: Ranges from 255 kilometers (158 miles) to 320 kilometers (199 miles)
 
A New Gully Channel in Terra Sirenum, Mars NASA Orbiter Finds New Gully Channel on Mars

› Read more

Artist concept of Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Image credit: NASA/JPL NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter Resumes Full Duty

› Read more

Curiosity Trekking, Viewed from Orbit in December 2013 Mars Orbiter Images Rover and Tracks in Gale Crater

› Read more