Mariner 3

Mariner Spacecraft Mariner Spacecraft

An artist's concept of the Mariner 3 and 4 spacecraft series. Image credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech
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Mission Summary

Mariner 3 was designed to fly by Mars and conduct other interplanetary experiments along the way. However, soon after its launch, the shroud encasing the spacecraft atop its rocket failed to open properly and the mission was unsuccessful.

Three weeks later, the Mariner 4 spacecraft launched successfully on an eight-month journey to the Red Planet and collected the first up-close photographs of another planet.

Scientific Instrument(s)

- Imaging system
- Magnetometer
- Plasma probe
- Cosmic ray telescope
- Trapped radiation detector
- Cosmic ray ionization
- Cosmic dust detector


Type: Flyby
 
Status: Past
 
Launch Date: November 05, 1964
(19:22 UTC)
 
Launch Location: Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida
 
Mission End Date: November 06, 1964
 
Target: Mars
 
Destination: Mars
 
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