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  3. Target
Image Name Short Description Launch Date Target Acronym Destination Summary Keywords
Mars Sample Return Mission Mars Sample Return Mars Sample Return is a proposed mission to return samples from the surface of Mars to Earth. To be determined Mars MSR Mars Mars Sample Return is a proposed mission to return samples from the surface of Mars to Earth. The mission would use robotic systems and a Mars ascent rocket to collect and send samples of Martian rocks, soils and atmosphere to Earth for detailed chemical and physical analysis. Mars, Mars mission, mission to Mars, Mars Sample Return, geological sample, Mars proposed mission, Martian, Martian rocks, JPL, NASA, NASAJPL
SAFIR Spacecraft Single Aperture Far-Infrared Observatory The Single Aperture Far-Infrared Observatory, or SAFIR, is a proposed NASA mission to study the earliest evolution of galaxies, stars and planetary systems using a large cryogenic space telescope. 2015 Universe SAFIR The Single Aperture Far-Infrared Observatory, or SAFIR, is a proposed NASA mission to study the earliest evolution of galaxies, stars and planetary systems using a large cryogenic space telescope.

Designed as a follow-on to the Spitzer Space Telescope, the mission would use a single primary mirror more than five times the size of Spitzer's to detect and study objects previously masked by dust and other space debris.
Universe, galaxies, formation of the universe, stars, star birth, planets, how the planets formed, space telescope, outer space, SAFIR, Single Aperture Far-Infrared Observatory, JPL, NASA, NASAJPL
Inertial Stellar Compass Inertial Stellar Compass A brainchild of the Space Technology 6 project, the Inertial Stellar Compass is a conceptual advanced navigation system designed to allow spacecraft of the future to operate more autonomously. To be determined To be determined A brainchild of the Space Technology 6 project, the Inertial Stellar Compass is a conceptual advanced navigation system designed to allow spacecraft of the future to operate more autonomously. If deployed on a future space mission, the Compass would use a star camera to tell the spacecraft where it is pointing and gyroscopes to monitor the spacecraft's motion.

Space Technology 6 is a project to design technology that would make spacecraft of the future more autonomous. The project's Autonomous Sciencecraft Experiment is currently being tested aboard NASA's Earth Observer 1 spacecraft.
instruments, technology, Space Technology 6, spacecraft, spacecraft instruments, spacecraft technology, Inertial Stellar Compass, star tracker, JPL, NASA, NASAJPL
Europa Clipper mission Europa Clipper The Europa Clipper is a concept under study by NASA that would conduct detailed reconnaissance of Jupiter's moon Europa and would investigate whether the icy moon could harbor conditions suitable for life. To be determined Europa The Europa Clipper is a concept under study by NASA that would conduct detailed reconnaissance of Jupiter's moon Europa and would investigate whether the icy moon could harbor conditions suitable for life.

The Europa Clipper mission would place a spacecraft in orbit around Jupiter in order to perform a detailed investigation of the giant planet's moon Europa -- a world that shows strong evidence for an ocean of liquid water beneath its icy crust and which could host conditions favorable for life. The Europa Clipper mission would send a highly capable, radiation-tolerant spacecraft into a long, looping orbit around Jupiter to perform repeated close flybys of Europa.

The possible payload of science instruments under consideration includes radar to penetrate the frozen crust and determine the thickness of the ice shell, an infrared spectrometer to investigate the composition of Europa's surface materials, a topographic camera for high-resolution imaging of surface features, and an ion and neutral mass spectrometer to analyze the moon's trace atmosphere during flybys.

The nominal Europa Clipper mission would perform 45 flybys of Europa at altitudes varying from 2700 km to 25 km.
Jupiter, moon, Jupiter's moon, Europa,clipper, icy planet, habitability, life, life on other planets, Earth-like planet, extraterrestrial, gas giant, NASA missions, proposed missions, JPL, NASA, NASAJPL